Object 3: Verse 67:3 from my copy of the Quran

May 27, 2021

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Verse 67:3 comes from Surah Al Mulk in the Quran. This Surah talks about the beauty of the universe that Allah (God) created. Verse 3 of the Surah discusses specifically the seven heavens.

This verse is particularly interesting for the exhibition because the philosopher Karl Popper stated that, “theories that are in principle unfalsifiable are not science6.” For a theory to be considered valid, it must be able to be tested and conceivably proven false. In this verse, proving that there are seven heavens cannot be tested by scientists which means, according to Popper, it should not be accepted as scientific knowledge rather it can be accepted as a moral belief or opinion.

However, this verse also enriches the exhibition because it puts forward a counterargument that there could be a more relaxed definition of knowledge. An article7 mentioned that, “true beliefs are sometimes knowledge.” This highlights how a more flexible definition of knowledge can be adopted in which a strong moral belief can be recognized as knowledge. Ethical and moral beliefs could be a different type of knowledge that is useful in people’s lives even though it is not strictly considered to be facts. In this way, this verse demonstrates that Muslims who read the Quran regularly could count what is written as true knowledge whereas people of other faiths could have a different set of knowledge.

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